Noble families of Podillia and Bratslavshchina


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The Konetspolski is the known Polish nobiliary family of the arms Pobog. The arms Pobog is a silver horseshoe in the red field which is turned by thorns  downwards, at its top there is established a gold cross. In the helmet - a dog in a collar. The family of Konetspolski appeared in the historical annals at the beginning of XV century. One of its first representatives - Jakob Konetspolski - took participation in the battle near Grunvald (1410). In 1443 the city-fortress Konetspol was founded and it became an advanced post of the family of Konetspolski on Bratslav lands. Konetspol, which was built on the border of the Dike Pole (Wild Field), had a hard history. It was several times stormed by the horde, the fortress frequently should to be restored. In the middle of XVII century French engineer Giyom de Boplan considerably worked to strengthen of Konetspol. He became famous due to the historical description of Ukraine. In later times the city became the property of the family of Pototski. In 1708 near its walls there was one of most bloody battles of the beginning of XVIII century between worshippers of August II and Stanislav Leshchinskiy, in which more than 20 thousand men were killed... But, we shall return to the representatives of the family of Konetspolski. In XVI century it was divided into two branches - hetman and "kashtelian". The most known representative of the hetman branch was the great crown hetman Stanislav Konetspolski (1591-1646). In our opinion, it is possible to put him in one line with the greatest commanders of the first half of XVII century, such as Konrad Vallenshtein or baron fon Tilli. Stanislav Konetspolski was at war against the army of the Swedish king Gustav-Adolph, stormed Smolensk in 1611, and for many times defeated the tatar forces on steppe borders. But there were failures in his military career. In 1620 near Cecora Konetspolski got in captivity to turks and spent in necessity more than three years. Later he took vengeance on his enemies for it. In the Rich Pospolita S. Konetspolskiy was named "Kunktator" ("Slow") - on analogy with the Roman dictator of the times of Punichna War II Fabiy Maxim Kunktator -, you see he never did anything without thinking and precise planning. Just in the middle of XVII century the Konetspolskis got the greatest political authority, became the owners of huge possessions, in particular on Podillia and Bratslavshchina. Being the Head of the Bar Stanislav Konetspolskiy ordered to reconstruct and to strengthen the Bar castle, that the mentioned engineer de Boplan skill fully built. For justice we shall note, that S. Konetspolskiy has come into the history of Ukraine as   . (  . )a severe tamer of the Cossack revolts of Zmaylo, Sulima, Pavluk, Guna, Ostrianin. Not without reason in 1646 a lot of people in Rich Pospolita confirmed, that the death of this man symbolizes the decline of Poland. In the second half of XVII century the power of the family of Konetspolski decreased. Stanislav-Olexander Konetspolskiy is known in the Ukrainian history mainly under a contemptuous nickname "child", which as though was given to him by hetman Bogdan Khmelnitskiy before the Piliavetska battle (1648). The Polish army in that battle was completely defeated, and its commanders (among them was Konetspolskiy) could hardly rescue. The last large representative of the family of Konetspolski was Stanislav-Jan K. The powerful magnate, great crown "oboznyi", governor of Podillia since 1679, Stanislav-Jan Konetspolski actively carried out politics of the Polish Crown on the Ukrainian lands. At the beginning of XVIII century the family of Konetspolski came to decline and in 1719 it was ended.

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